Leader of the Opposition, Egypt and Nobel Peace Laureate 2005
Mohamed ElBaradei served three terms as Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which has a mandate to make nuclear technology available for peaceful purposes and to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons. During his tenure, ElBaradei pioneered measures to strengthen the non-proliferation regime and was a staunch advocate of nuclear disarmament. He also made a priority of promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear power for development to redress inequality. He grew up in Cairo, earning his Bachelor Degree in law from Cairo University and a doctorate in international law from New York University School of Law.